插值方法收集

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#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*-coding:utf-8 -*-
import numpy as np
from scipy import interpolate
import pylab as pl

x=np.linspace(0,10,11)
#x=[  0.   1.   2.   3.   4.   5.   6.   7.   8.   9.  10.]
y=np.sin(x)
xnew=np.linspace(0,10,101)
pl.plot(x,y,"ro")

#"nearest","zero"为阶梯插值
#slinear 线性插值
f=interpolate.interp1d(x,y,kind=kind)
# ‘slinear’, ‘quadratic’ and ‘cubic’ refer to a spline interpolation of first, second or third order)
ynew=f(xnew)
pl.plot(xnew,ynew,label=str(kind))
pl.legend(loc="lower right")
pl.show()

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""

"""
import numpy as np
from scipy import interpolate
import pylab as pl
import matplotlib as mpl

def func(x, y):
return (x+y)*np.exp(-5.0*(x**2 + y**2))

# X-Y轴分为15*15的网格
y,x= np.mgrid[-1:1:15j, -1:1:15j]

fvals = func(x,y) # 计算每个网格点上的函数值  15*15的值
print len(fvals[0])

#三次样条二维插值
newfunc = interpolate.interp2d(x, y, fvals, kind='cubic')

# 计算100*100的网格上的插值
xnew = np.linspace(-1,1,100)#x
ynew = np.linspace(-1,1,100)#y
fnew = newfunc(xnew, ynew)#仅仅是y值   100*100的值

# 绘图
# 为了更明显地比较插值前后的区别，使用关键字参数interpolation='nearest'
# 关闭imshow()内置的插值运算。
pl.subplot(121)
im1=pl.imshow(fvals, extent=[-1,1,-1,1], cmap=mpl.cm.hot, interpolation='nearest', origin="lower")#pl.cm.jet
#extent=[-1,1,-1,1]为x,y范围  favals为
pl.colorbar(im1)

pl.subplot(122)
im2=pl.imshow(fnew, extent=[-1,1,-1,1], cmap=mpl.cm.hot, interpolation='nearest', origin="lower")
pl.colorbar(im2)

pl.show()

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""

"""
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import numpy as np
from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D
import matplotlib as mpl
from scipy import interpolate
import matplotlib.cm as cm
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

def func(x, y):
return (x+y)*np.exp(-5.0*(x**2 + y**2))

# X-Y轴分为20*20的网格
x = np.linspace(-1, 1, 20)
y = np.linspace(-1,1,20)
x, y = np.meshgrid(x, y)#20*20的网格数据

fvals = func(x,y) # 计算每个网格点上的函数值  15*15的值

fig = plt.figure(figsize=(9, 6))
#Draw sub-graph1
ax=plt.subplot(1, 2, 1,projection = '3d')
surf = ax.plot_surface(x, y, fvals, rstride=2, cstride=2, cmap=cm.coolwarm,linewidth=0.5, antialiased=True)
ax.set_xlabel('x')
ax.set_ylabel('y')
ax.set_zlabel('f(x, y)')
plt.colorbar(surf, shrink=0.5, aspect=5)#标注

#二维插值
newfunc = interpolate.interp2d(x, y, fvals, kind='cubic')#newfunc为一个函数

# 计算100*100的网格上的插值
xnew = np.linspace(-1,1,100)#x
ynew = np.linspace(-1,1,100)#y
fnew = newfunc(xnew, ynew)#仅仅是y值   100*100的值  np.shape(fnew) is 100*100
xnew, ynew = np.meshgrid(xnew, ynew)
ax2=plt.subplot(1, 2, 2,projection = '3d')
surf2 = ax2.plot_surface(xnew, ynew, fnew, rstride=2, cstride=2, cmap=cm.coolwarm,linewidth=0.5, antialiased=True)
ax2.set_xlabel('xnew')
ax2.set_ylabel('ynew')
ax2.set_zlabel('fnew(x, y)')
plt.colorbar(surf2, shrink=0.5, aspect=5)#标注

plt.show()

1.拉格朗日插值法:https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/拉格朗日插值法

2.样条插值：https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/样条插值